Champagne is a sparkling white wine which is made from grapes grown in the old French province of Champagne. The name of champagne derives from French and is a shortened version of 'vin de Champagne' meaning 'wine from Champagne'. Favorite brands and types of this very special sparkling wine are Moët & Chandon, Laurent Perrier, Veuve Clicquot, Mumm, Bollinger, Krug and Louis Roederer Cristal Champagne
What makes Champagne bubble?
What makes Champagne bubble?
The best red wine is produced in warm climates but the climate in Champagne is relatively cold
The bubbles in champagne wine occur due to a natural process
Due to the cold climate and short growing season the grapes are picked as late as possible
This does not allow enough time for the fermentation process when the yeast on the skins of the grapes convert the sugar in the juice into alcohol
The cold climate stops the fermentation process which begins again in the warmer weather when the wine is stored in bottles
This second fermentation period, or re-fermentation, creates carbon dioxide
During this period additional sugar is added determines the pressure in the bottle
The carbon dioxide is trapped in the glass bottle and creates the bubbles in the champers!
Champagne was a province of France long before it became the celebrated wine and drink. Champagne is a sparkling white wine and gets its name from the region or province in France where it is produced. Although champagne is produced in other parts of the world wine experts maintain that the term 'champagne' should only be used to refer to the wines made in the Champagne region region of France. Real French champagne is considered to be the best champagne. In fact, marketing sparkling wine, which has not been produced in the Champagne region, as "Champagne" or "champagne" is illegal as it violates Trade Description Laws. French Brands of this very special wine include Moët & Chandon, Laurent Perrier, Veuve Clicquot, Mumm, Bollinger, Krug and Louis Roederer Cristal.
History of Champagne and Champagne Wine
Champagne is a province, a region in France which was once rules ruled long ago by the Counts of Champagne. Famous towns in Champagne, France include Troyes, Langres and Rheims. Still Wine was produced for many centuries in Champagne starting in the Dark Ages. The vineyards were owned by monasteries and Monks produced wine not only as a drink for the wealthy to enjoy but also for medicinal purposes, church festivals and services. Early champagne was a pale, thin red wine made from black grapes. The quality of such wine was inferior to the red wines produced in other regions. Various methods were tried to improve the wine and the use of glass bottles instead of wooden casks together with the second fermentation period and the addition of sugar created champagne. The popularity of champagne with royalty and the aristocracy increased and commercial enterprises took over the manufacture of champagne from the monks in the monasteries.
History of Champagne Wine - Who invented champagne?
Who invented Champagne? A Benedictine Monk called Dom Perignon (Real name: Pierre Perignon 1638 - 1718) is credited with having invented Champagne at the Abbey of Hautville near Riems in France. But many experts dispute this and maintain that the process to produce Champagne was invented earlier and probably in England! Dom Perignon joined the Abbey in 1668. He certainly added to the process of producing sparkling wine in Champagne which it first appeared in France in the 1690's, at the time when Dom Perignon was a cellarer at the Abbey of Hautville. Dom Perignon developed a method to press black grapes to yield a white wine and used bottles instead of wooden barrels during the fermentation process. However, much earlier in 1662 an Englishman called Christopher Merret had presented a paper to the newly formed Royal Society in England. In this paper Merret stated that sugar and molasses were being added to imported French wine to make it sparkling with bubbles.
How to serve Champagne Drink Recipes
Champagne should always be served ice cold in chilled drinking glasses. Maintain the ice cold champagne by placing it in a bucket of ice and water before and after opening. The ice cold champagne should then be served in an appropriate glass called a champagne flute which is tall and narrow. Champagne used to be served in the flatter and wider saucer shaped champagne glass - but this has gone out of fashion due to experts who claimed that they did not preserve the bubbles as well as the flutes. Glasses should not be overfilled with champagne. The flutes should be filled only to 2/3 of the glass.
Strawberry and Champagne
Eating a strawberry with champagne brings out the great taste of the wine. An alternative is to actually drop a raspberry into a glass of champagne and serve this instead of strawberries and champagne.
The following table provides a list of champagne bottles and the names associated with the different sizes of champagne bottles:
Quarter Bottle: Quarter Bottle = 0.2 litres
Half Bottle: Half Bottle = 0.375 litres
Bottle: 1 Bottle = 0.75 litres
Jereboam : A Jereboam is equivalent to 4 bottles = 3 litres
Rehoboam: A Rehoboam is equivalent to 6 bottles= 4.5 litres
Methuselah: A Methuselah is equivalent to 8 bottles= 6 litres
Salmanazar: A Salmanazar is equivalent to 12 bottles= 9 litres
Balthazar: A Balthazar is equivalent to 16 bottles = 12 litres
Nebuchadnezzar: A Nebuchadnezzar is equivalent to 20 bottles = 15 litres
French Brands of this very special wine include Moët & Chandon, Laurent Perrier, Veuve Clicquot, Mumm, Bollinger, Krug and Louis Roederer Cristal.
The following brands are produced by some of the best champagne houses including Moët & Chandon, Laurent Perrier, Veuve Clicquot, Mumm, Bollinger, Krug and Louis Roederer Cristal. The following list of these brands provide details of when the champagne house was established.
- 1743: Claude Moët founded the House of Moët. Jean-Rémy Moët handed the house over to his son and his son-in-law, Pierre-Gabriel Chandon de Briailles. It then took on the Moët & Chandon name
- 1776: Louis Roederer founded
- 1812: Laurent Perrier house established
- 1818: Veuve Clicquot house was founded
- 1827: The Mumm Brothers established the house of Mumm
- 1829: Bollinger was founded
- 1843: Johann-Joseph Krug founded the Krug house
- 1876: Louis Roederer Cristal Champagne was created for Tsar Alexander II
Pink Champagne / Rose Champagne
Pink / rose champagne is produced either by allowing the grape juice to spend more time with the grape skins to impart a pink color to the wine, or by adding a small amount of red wine during the blending process.
Facts about wine
Wine is a beverage made of the fermented juice of any of various other fruits or plants. Wines are distinguished by color, flavor, bouquet or aroma, and alcoholic content. In natural wines, such as strawberry wines, all the alcohol present has been produced by fermentation. The Fermentation process in wine is the conversion of sugar to carbon dioxide and alcohol by yeast.
Calories in Champagne
The calorie count in 1 Glass (120.0 g) / 4 oz is as follows:
- Calorie in Champaine: 1 Glass (120.0 g) / 4oz = 90 Calories
Free Champagne Recipes
These free Drink Recipes are suitable for:
- Adult Parties celebrating special occasions such as Cinco De Mayo, 30/40/50th Birthday parties, college and Bachelorette parties with fun recipes
- Fun themed parties with Hawaii and Luau themes
- Fun Summer Holiday parties
- Alcoholic Drinks at your home bar
- Special Occasions such as Christmas and Weddings
The list of free Drink Recipes detailed above contain the contents by ingredients. Exercise your bartending skills, use decorations and unusual drinking glasses and drink coasters to become the bartender of your own personal bar which serves Champagne Drink Recipes!